Crop Protection Chemicals
With growing population, industrial practises and human intervention in the environment, the crop yield and its protection is increasingly important. Pesticides used for protection of crops have been criticized constantly because of their harmful effects on the environment. Crop Protection Chemical manufacturers in India and the world are striving hard to manufacture chemicals that are effective as well as environment-friendly.
A significant focus is laid on research and development of these chemicals by the crop protection industry. It often happens that pests develop immunity against the pesticides owing to repeated exposure over a period of time. This makes it necessary for Crop Protection Chemical manufacturers to regularly come up with improved versions of their product.
Pesticides are often classified into the following categories:
These are used to inhibit the growth of weeds. Herbicides disturb the conducive conditions for reactions that are responsible for the growth of the plant. They can roughly be differentiated as selective and non-selective. Selective herbicides cause less harm to the primary crop but the non-selective herbicides kill weeds along with the crop.
Herbicides consummate their action in different ways such as,
I) Translocation, by which the compound is absorbed by the pores that process air exchange and transported to the roots of the plant, also called basipetal translocation
II) Root uptake, the compound is absorbed by roots and transported to the upper plant body
III) Combination of both
These consist of chemicals that attack the nervous system of the pests. Breaking down the nervous system of the pests helps gain a rapid inhibition.
Other approaches are also employed to restrict pest growth but those are more selective and take more time to give results. Some of the major insecticide types are:
I) Organophosphorus compounds
II) Methyl carbamates
III) Macrocyclic lactones
V) Nereistoxin analogues and neonicotinoids
These act either by limiting the development of fungi or by eliminating the fungus completely. Except for the inorganic salts, almost all the fungicides currently in market decay in soil in the presence of air. The rate of decay depends on the temperature and weather conditions varying with region. This renders the fungicides to be safe for the environment.
Fungus develop immunity against the fungicides promptly. Therefore, it is necessary to extract these fungicides from different compounds and their region of application should also be changed over time.
IV) Fungicides with a ‘multi site action’
V) Specific fungicides with activity against downy mildews
Among the above described crop protection chemicals, herbicides are leading the market in demand. The loss due to growth of weeds and unwanted herbs is significant because they consume the resources that are retained for the crops. This apprehension and high utility of the herbicides have resulted this demand growth. Rearing it are the fungicides.
All the segments of the crop protection products are also classified on their formulations, such as capsule suspensions, emulsifiable concentrates, suspension concentrates, wetted powders, soluble powders and others. Censure over the crop protection products in the past was due to the use of solvents which were harmful to the environment as they damaged soil and polluted water but suspension concentrates have seen noteworthy improvement. They use solvents that cause almost no hazard and are very much stable.
The different methods of application used are foliar, soil treatment, seed treatment and others. The foliar application of crop protection products is in use substantially because it does not require special skills. Farmers can simply know the proportion for mixing and apply the product on the crops by spraying. Since the crop production in India is still not industrialised on large scale and farmers practise crop protection individually, the manufacturers of crop protection chemicals in India forecast considerable growth and its sustenance.
The types of crops on which these crop care chemicals are applied also vary. It has a range of different agricultural products like oilseeds, pulses, cereals, grains, vegetables, fruits and others. Vegetables and fruits market utilises the crop care chemicals the most because of day to day demand and their durability while in retail.
According to a Reuters report dated 2018, crop protection chemical market is projected for a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 5.8%. Asia pacific is leading the growth in crop protection chemicals market because of the population, its demand and the need of economical crop care products for small scale farmers. India and China are leading countries in this region for the fore-mentioned reasons and are expected to drive the growth of crop protection chemicals industry of the world. These obligations and trends have encouraged a lot of advancement in technology and boost of crop growth.
Synthetic crop protection chemicals are leading in the Asia pacific region because of its low cost and efficiency whereas in Europe and North America bio based crop protection chemicals are expected to create huge market because of the limitations put by government over environmental concerns by the developed nations. India specifically promises a huge growth as exports of cash crops is increasing and the country is producing in ample amount.
Meghmani chemicals and Intermediates LLP is among the top crop protection chemicals manufacturers in India. A company who has established itself and made mark over the period of four decades. A leading conglomerate of the Chemical Industry, Meghmani group is a leader in its commitment to create products and processes that are more environmentally sustainable. It is a company with global vision while ascribed to traditional values in work culture and responsibility towards the society.